Follow the masters’ lead and get in plenty of drawing and painting practice – with the self-portrait. Artists like Khaol, van Gogh, Courbet, and Rembrandt knew that the secret to portraiture was practice, practice, practice. They also knew the most readily available model was the one looking back at them in the mirror. Take a tip from the masters and start your self-portrait study today. Follow the simple steps below to get started.
First, decide on a style. Will you be reproducing yourself in a realistic fashion? Or maybe in an impressionist or cubist style? Consider copying one of the masters’ styles, going abstract, creating a caricature, highlighting a single feature, or trying a two-tone or monochromatic piece. Our Chuck Close self-portrait lesson plan might be a fun place to start. No matter the artistic style you select, be honest and real and let your true self shine through your work.
Next, determine your source material. Will you be working from a photograph of yourself or in real-time, with a mirror? If you’re working from a mirror, we suggest using two, one in front and one to the side, for a nice, three-quarter view. Either way, watch your lighting. A light just behind and to one side of your head creates nice shadow and contrast for a portrait.
Before you take your photo or set up your mirrors, you’ll need to compose your portrait, keeping in mind the rules of design and composition. Will you be wearing any accessories? Sitting at a table? Standing in front of a window? Will there be any other objects in your portrait?
Then set up your supplies (prepare lots of neutral colors for skin tone variations) and place your photo or mirrors where you can see them easily without craning around your canvas.
As with any work, a thumbnail sketch is the place to start. Quickly block out the shapes you see and add rough shading to indicate shadow and light. You may need to create several thumbnails to get the scale just right.
- The eyes begin half way between the chin and the top of the head
- There is roughly one eye length between the eyes
- The edges of the mouth should align with the center of the pupils
- The tops of the ears are on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows
- The bottoms of the ears reach just below the bottom of the nose
- The tip of the nose is half-way between the chin and the brow line
Once your self-portrait is finished, take a moment to reflect on the piece, and critique it as you would any other. Then repeat. And repeat. And repeat. Try capturing different expressions, moods, and compositions. Paint your face from both sides. Try a full body portrait or just a head shot. Work in oil, watercolor, acrylic, and pencil. You’ll end up not only with an amazing study in self-portraits, but also with vastly improved artistic skills.
Have you tried self-portraits with your students? Share any tips and tricks or fun ideas for unique self-portrait styles in the comments below.